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Treatment Plans

for common knee conditions

What do I do?

We have treatment advice for the conditions shown below. Each section displays the commonly affected area and the Signs & Symptoms for that condition.

If you want to learn more on how to best manage the condition, simply click the “Get Advice” button to continue.

Knee Osteoarthritis

affected area
Signs & Symptoms
  • Common in people over 45yrs old.
  • Joint swelling
  • Creaking/ cracking sound with movement.
  • Legs may look Bow legged or knock knee.
  • Swelling in back of knee (bakers cyst).
  • Persistent knee pain
  • Difficulty to bend or straighten knee.
  • Knee stiffness (after 30 minutes of inactivity)
  • Difficulty with prolonged walking, standing or stairs.
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High impact injury

affected area
Signs & Symptoms
  • Acute pain after injury.
  • Swelling.
  • Knee feeling unstable and giving way
  • Knee locking
Seek medical help if:
  • Significant swelling within 2 hours of injury needs prompt assessment in A&E or fracture clinic
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Local Knee Pain​

affected area
Signs & Symptoms
  • Pain local to knee
  • No trauma
  • Mild swelling (if any)
  • Pain when moving knee
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Low impact trauma​

affected area
Signs & Symptoms
  • Low impact injury
  • Twisting injury
  • Soft tissue injury
  • Pain and swelling
  • No true locking or instability
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Kneecap Dislocation

affected area
Signs & Symptoms
  • Report of dislocation
  • Anterior knee pain/ swelling
  • Pain with knee flexion
  • Reduced ROM
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Tendinopathy / Muscle strain​

affected area
Signs & Symptoms
  • Local pain in muscle above kneecap.
  • Local pain in soft tissue just below kneecap.
  • Worse with stretching muscle (bending the knee).
  • Worse with tightening thigh muscle (straightening the knee).

Popliteal cyst (Bakers cyst)​

affected area
Signs & Symptoms
  • Swelling behind the knee
  • Soft and non-tender to touch
  • Feeling of stiffness in back of knee

Legal disclaimer

  • This information was published by MSKnote’s Health Content Team and is based on reputable sources of medical evidence. It has been reviewed by appropriate medical or clinical professionals. Photos are only for illustrative purposes and do not reflect every presentation of a condition.
  • The information contained by msk assist is not intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice nor is it intended to be for medical diagnosis or treatment.
  • The exercises provided are intended for your personal use and for informational purposes only.
  • Stop the exercises if they make your symptoms worse or cause new pain.
  • Exercise is not without its risks and this or any other exercise program may result in injury. They include but are not limited to: risk of injury, aggravation of a pre-existing condition, or adverse effect of over exertion such as muscle strain, abnormal blood pressure, fainting, disorders of heartbeat and very rare instances of heart attack.
  • To reduce the risk of injury, before beginning this or any exercise program, please consult a healthcare provider for appropriate exercise prescription and safety precautions. The exercise instruction and advice presented are in no way intended as a substitute for medical consultation.
  • MSKnote disclaims any liability from and in connection with the information and exercises provided on this website. 
  • The use of any information provided on this site is solely at your own risk.

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