2. Select a condition

3. Enter your email address

Treatment Advice

for common foot & ankle conditions

What do I do?

We have treatment advice for the conditions shown below. Each section displays the commonly affected area and the Signs & Symptoms for that condition.

If you want to learn more on how to best manage the condition, simply click the “Get Advice” button to continue.

Ankle Sprain (Lateral)

affected area
Signs & Symptoms
  • Injured ankle during an activity
  • Pain on outside of ankle
  • Swollen Ankle
  • Difficult walking for first few days after injury

Achilles Tendonopathy​

affected area
Signs & Symptoms
  • Pain over back of heel/ lower leg.
  • More painful after exercise/ activity.
  • Feeling of stiffness first thing in morning or after period of inactivity.
  • Stiffness improves with activity.

Plantar Heel Pain​

affected area
Signs & Symptoms
  • Pain in heel/ sole of foot.
  • Worse with load.
  • Worse in the morning.
  • Worse with first steps.
  • -

Hallux Valgus (Bunions)​

affected area
Signs & Symptoms
  • Big toe pointing towards the other toes
  • Swollen, bony bump on the inside edge of your foot
  • Big toe joint pain/ swelling that’s made worse by pressure from wearing shoes
  • Sore skin over the top of the bunion

Plantar Fibromatosis

affected area
Signs & Symptoms
  • Lump commonly present on the inside border of the sole.
  • Pain with applying pressure on lump.
  • Pain with wearing restrictive shoes.
  • Pain with walking barefoot.
  • Pain with standing for long periods.
  • -

Pes Planus (flat feet)​

affected area
Signs & Symptoms
  • Pain along inside of foot/ ankle.
  • Loss of height of arch along inside of foot.
  • May have foot pain along outside of foot if problem is severe.
  • May have foot pain along outside of foot if problem is severe.
  • -


affected area
Signs & Symptoms
  • Pain in ‘ball of the foot’ between the long bones of the foot.
  • Typically aggravated when walking or running.
  • Sharp or shooting pain, numbness, or tingling in your toes.
  • Common ‘feeling of having a pebble in shoe’

Ankle Pain / OA

affected area
Signs & Symptoms
  • Ankle pain.
  • Swelling.
  • Deformity of ankle.
  • Loss of ankle movement.
  • Giving way of ankle.
  • -
  • -

Legal disclaimer

  • This information was published by MSKnote’s Health Content Team and is based on reputable sources of medical evidence. It has been reviewed by appropriate medical or clinical professionals. Photos are only for illustrative purposes and do not reflect every presentation of a condition.
  • The information contained by msk assist is not intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice nor is it intended to be for medical diagnosis or treatment.
  • The exercises provided are intended for your personal use and for informational purposes only.
  • Stop the exercises if they make your symptoms worse or cause new pain.
  • Exercise is not without its risks and this or any other exercise program may result in injury. They include but are not limited to: risk of injury, aggravation of a pre-existing condition, or adverse effect of over exertion such as muscle strain, abnormal blood pressure, fainting, disorders of heartbeat and very rare instances of heart attack.
  • To reduce the risk of injury, before beginning this or any exercise program, please consult a healthcare provider for appropriate exercise prescription and safety precautions. The exercise instruction and advice presented are in no way intended as a substitute for medical consultation.
  • MSKnote disclaims any liability from and in connection with the information and exercises provided on this website. 
  • The use of any information provided on this site is solely at your own risk.

Don't see your condition?

Please contact your clinician for more advice